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Mosques in India are known not only as places of worship but also for their architectural beauty. They reflect the culture of the country. During the reign of the Mughals, mosques were truly a display of the grandeur and affluence of the ruling empire. The Islamic architecture is well reflected in the construction of the mosques of India. Given below are details of some of India’s most beautiful mosques that one can explore in India Tours offered by leading tour and travel agency, Bhati Tours.
#1: Jama Masjid – New Delhi
Built with red sandstone and white-coloured marble during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan, the Jama Masjid took about six years to complete. It is located in the older part of the city of New Delhi. It is said that at one point in time it could accommodate more than 25000 people. The Masjid has three entrances and has an area of 1200 square meters. It also has two minarets and three towers. Its main entrance faces the Red Fort and is embellished with intricate carvings. It houses many relics of the Mughal era, one of the most famous being the Quran written on deer skin. The floor of the Masjid has black and white squares resembling a prayer mat.
#2 Charminar – Hyderabad
Charminar was built over 400 years ago and is located in the old part of the city of Hyderabad. It was built by Sultan Quli Qutub Shah Muhammad out of sand brought from Mecca. It has four large minarets each of which has 150 minarets. Built as per Indo-Islamic architecture, it was inspired by Persian design. It is in the midst of a bustling market.
#3: Haji Ali – Mumbai
The Haji Ali dargah in Mumbai overlooks the Arabian Sea and it is a great tourist spot. It was built in 1431 to honour the Muslim saint Pir Haji Ali Shah whose tomb lies inside the mosque. The mosque houses marble columns engraved and inlaid with mirrors. Different patterns are formed to spell out different names of Allah on the pillars. Fridays and Saturdays are those days in which a maximum number of pilgrims visit the dargah to hear Sufi musicians sing ‘qawwali’ songs.
#4: Taj-Ul Masjid – Bhopal
The meaning of Taj-Ul Masjid is ‘Crown of Mosques’. Construction was started under the reign of Shah Jahan Begum in 1877. However, the construction finished only in the 1980s. It has a huge courtyard, beautiful shining domes and minarets. In décor, it is similar to Jama Masjid in New Delhi. On Fridays, it is open only to Muslims.
#5: Sidi Saiyyed Mosque – Ahmedabad
It is known for its architectural beauty and is a landmark in Ahmedabad. It was built in 1573 and has beautifully framed jalis or windows. These intricately carved windows form beautiful silhouettes during dawn and dusk. These are the best times to visit the mosque.
#6: Adhai Din Ka Jhopra – Ajmer
This was an ancient Sanskrit college and a temple that was converted into a mosque by the Slave Dynasty ruler, Qutubuddin Aibak in the year 1193. It is almost in ruins now. However, it has got some beautifully constructed pillars and stunning calligraphy on its walls.
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